Egypt is a vast nation spanning more than 1,000,000 km2. Numbers can be misleading, however. Just approximately 3% of the land is, in fact, living. The rest is an almost infinite desert. You can see a thin green line winding across a large expanse of the Sahara Sand when you look at satellite images. The Nile River is almost the only spring of water for the country and is thus sometimes referred to as its lifeline. Almost all the population of Egypt has been living on the banks of the river for several thousand years, making the dry areas surrounding it a source of irrigation.
Many regard the lively megacity of Cairo as the capital of the Arab world. The Nile is the only source of water for its population of more than 20 million. However, the sources of this waterway are outside the boundaries of Egypt. The Nile’s headwaters are almost 7000 km south, feeding the White and Blue Nile in the springs of Lake Victoria and the Ethiopian Highlands. Roughly 60% of the water in the Nile river comes from Ethiopia’s Simien Mountains.
But the lifeline of Egypt is at risk. The farmers on the banks of its river battle. Where the waters of the Nile were unrestricted, therefore, Lee irrigates local farms. The ducts dry up gradually.
Egypt’s government, therefore, wishes its farmers to use less water-consuming, more efficient irrigation systems and crops. But the Nile area drains the river into non-existence. Go back into time. Let’s go back into time. The Panorama looked like this ten thousand years ago. Water life bloomed in huge grasslands, rivers, and lakes. It was luxurious and wealthy everywhere.
But overtime was hotter and drier
People and animals had to resettle, leave the cave paintings behind, and represent an ancient, forgotten way of life.
These little pyramids were the plans for the Pharaohs’ monumental tombs. In the 3rd century AD, the city of Meroe was once a lively trade center for gold and ivory.
In north-eastern Chad, the Plateau Nad is approximately 1500 kilometers west. Ten thousand years ago, it had a subtropical climate with enough rain to support big lakes, and the Yellow Nile now disappeared, the third most important affluent to the Nile River. A few underground caverns full of water, such as the popular Arcade guelta, lie left. Thousands of camels have the water supply, and other animal species in the area are the last resort like the crocodile of West Africa.
Hollow images, dry wadis, and old abandoned towns are an alert sign from contemporary Egyptian cultures. Fear of this life pillar collapsing and the disappearance of communities is stamped on the country’s cultural memory. In addition to the existing water shortage issues in Egypt, there has been a further diplomatic conflict. The Great Ethiopia Renaissance Dam was launched in 2011 by Ethiopia for $5 billion. GRD is the biggest dam in Africa, as it is named. They are ending the food, energy, and water shortages of Ethiopia for decades.
Moreover, the selling of surplus energy in other countries in the region could generate a much-needed revenue of $1 billion a year. All its neighbors are supportive, but fears in Egypt are heating up. Only by constructing a massive reservoir with water from the river, which would otherwise pass through the Nile, will Gerd start to support Ethiopia. Egypt is now worried that its farms might dry up further. The source of life is a source of tension because some leaders have also threatened Sabre.
Many news and media platforms have also expanded their questions about the Nile Dam water battle. Fortunately, in recent months, the conflict has diminished somewhat with the help of the Sudanese mediators in the US, Ethiopia, and Egypt. By extending the time it takes to fill the reservoir, Ethiopia can mitigate immediate downstream harm. On the other hand, Egypt needs to play its part by investing in advanced farming methods to reduce water requirements. Like any big waterway, the Nile River is a fragile ecosystem that all countries around it need to secure.
Thank You for reading the Complete Analysis on Why Egypt’s lifeline is drying up | Nile Conflict | The controversy over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam.